It is difficult to choose a file type when printing because it depends on the type of printing project. Before learning more about the different file types in poster printing, it is essential to get some basic knowledge about image file formats, their types and the basis on which they differ.
An image file includes every graphic viewed online; whether printed on paper, plastic or even a t-shirt, an image file is always the source of all printed designs. Image files are available in different formats and have multiple uses.
During a print project, choosing the correct file type is of the utmost importance because the type of file selected directly determines the outcome of the project, whether it makes it or destroys it. It could be a perfect image or a complete printing error with the wrong choice of colors. Image file formats fall into two categories:
Graphics made up primarily of pixels are known as raster images, typically used in photos, websites, or digital artwork. They may appear “pixelated” or blurry when enlarged due to their dependency on resolution.
Unlike raster images, vector images are graphics composed primarily of geometric shapes. These are resolution-independent and curve-based. They retain their clarity, detail, and sharpness despite being enlarged to larger sizes.
- File types used in printing
Wondering how to create files for printing? With a clear understanding of the differences between raster and vector images, one can quickly dive into the different file types for printing. Follow the article below for more details.
According to Chiang Rai Times, the Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) is a widely used image format. It is pixel-based and simple to adjust. However, when this type of file is compressed, it often degrades image quality. It works best when used for images, illustrations, or photos online. But it is not advisable to use the JPEG format when you need a layered editable image or when a transparent graphic is required.
PDF is short for Portable Document Format. A PDF can display various images, documents, form fields, and spreadsheets without a problem. Typically used for web recordings, it has a robust graphical foundation no matter what device you’re using, web browser or app. Although it is beneficial to use the PDF format for final design, web documents, production, posters, magazines, booklets and flyers, it is not suitable for editing images or graphics .
Encapsulated Postscript, more commonly known as EPS, is an image format primarily used for vector graphics, although you can use it for raster images. EPS is the best choice when printing high resolution artwork. Typically, it includes a single design element that is included in a larger design. This design is for printing giant banners, large signs and vector logos. But opting for EPS is not a good idea when printing illustrations or photographs or posting images online.
Based on PDF and EPS file format standards, AI is Adobe Illustrator’s default file format. It can also be exported to JPEG, TIFF, GIF, PSD and PNG formats for web use and editing. and exported to EPS and PDF for printing and proofing. AI doesn’t work well when editing images, but is a great choice when creating a logo or icon, a brand mascot, a single piece of print or editing a vector drawing.
The default file format and Adobe Photoshop PSD consists of original files that one can edit with adjustments and multiple layers. This file format is used to edit or create raster images. You can use it to edit illustrations, videos and animations, retouch photos, app and website mockups, digital web images for banner ads, images for social media, headers emails, etc. Similar to AI, PSD file format can also be exported. to other file formats. Avoid PSD posting images online or when submitting a design for printing.
PNG, short for Portable Network Graphics, is a good substitute for GIFs. Its unique feature is the built-in transparency, which allows the user to overlay images, enables better compression and displays high color depths. This format is useful for limited-color artwork, small text or shape files, and high-quality transparent web graphics. But avoid PNG for print projects, illustrations, or photos.
Tagged Image File Format is designed to generally handle raster and bitmap images. Although typically used in desktop publishing and photography, use the TIFF format to print higher quality graphics, illustrations, scans, and photographs. Although it doesn’t work well when paired with web graphics.
A Graphics Interchange Format, commonly known as a GIF, is a web image file type typically used for animated graphics, banner ads, email images, and social media memes. GIF supports files with small images, images with excellent transparency, and web animation. But it is not a good idea to use GIFs when editing or printing layered images or photo-quality photographs.
RAW is an image file format that contains unprocessed data from digital cameras or scanner sensors. This file type does not work well with web graphics or print-ready photos, but helps with editing and shooting. File types in RAW format, including its other variants such as NEF, CRW, and DNG, can be edited with simple photo editing software like Adobe Photoshop.
SVG or Scalable Vector Graphics is an XML-based vector image format. File types of this format can be indexed, scaled, searched, and compressed into smaller file sizes; you can edit it in simple text editors and various graphic editing software and applications. SVG should not be used as a file format when printing a project. But it works well for charts and diagrams for web publishing.
The use of the print project determines which file type will be appropriate. Knowing the correct file type for each project saves valuable time and money, prevents errors, and helps maintain production quality. Another essential thing to keep in mind is to make sure before the printer commits that the chosen format is accepted and can.
- Common mistakes to avoid when printing your posters
Getting your posters printed en masse is effectively doing marketing, advertising your label, promoting a trade show or publicizing your products and services with an outstanding layout. However, there are a few mistakes you have to make when publishing your posters in bulk. Initially, these errors are not serious, but they can increase costs, cause delays, waste resources, etc.
You need to define a file that you need to print and pre-plan the features and other communication attributes you want to publish in your ad. This article will cover the top mistakes you need to avoid to meet your hassle-free printing requirements and get amazing results.
- Ensure the number of posters required
You should plan wisely and initially how many posters you will need for your purpose. Whether you are having the posters printed to promote an event, conference, or any other event, discuss with everyone involved in the process the number of ads required. Getting the posters printed for the second time will cost you more.
Timing is also critical, so you may run out of time when printing posters for the second time. If you have any doubts about panel numbers, it is always wise to have them printed in large quantities. So if you have a character in hand, it will benefit you because new opportunities will surely emerge.
- Incorrect poster size
You will likely experience a delay if you send the wrong size of your poster to your printer. You will then be trapped in the pitfall because posters with the wrong file format will not be practical. If your printer requests particular file formats, you must provide that file format only. There are also options available to convert your file’s layout to the form required by your printer.
However, you cannot guarantee the best result from different printers. In such dilemmas, you are framed not to argue with your printer or the professional graphic designer to get the best results.
- Selecting an Inadequate Quality Resolution
To print the posters in large quantities, a particular resolution is specified. If you set the file resolution higher than the specified resolution, processing will be delayed. You cannot set the resolution too low; you will get a shimmering effect. You cannot print the posters available for online use as their solution is suitable and is only ideal for screens only. Various print products have different resolutions. The resolution you should choose for your poster depends on the distance from which people will be viewing your signs.
The points mentioned above will be effective in saving you not only time but also money. To do your job, you should always hire a professional to get the best result. This way, you will complete your task in no time, and you can also be assured of quality and expense.